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Full text of "The manufacture and properties of iron and steel"

CHAPTER XXV.
EKANCE.
I am indebted to my friend, Mr. August Dutreux, of the Cie. des Forges de Cha,tillon, Commentry et Neuves-Maisons, for a careful reading of the manuscript of this article.
SECTION XXVa.—General View:
The iron industry in France is spread over, the whole country, as will be seen in Fig. XXV-A; many seats of industry date back many years,, but the control of the situation rests in the ore beds of the Minette district on the borders of Luxemburg and Lothringen. This deposit has been fully described in the chapter on Germany, and it was stated that the ore extended into the province of Meurthe et Moselle. The French iron business was discussed in Journal I, & $. I., Vol. II, by EL Pinget, secretary of the Comite des Forges de France; through the courtesy of M. Pinget I am in possession of the statistics for 1900, and also the number of converters and open-hearth furnaces in each province and their output. I have grouped these provinces in the usual way, the results being shown in Table XXV-A. The map in Fig. XXV-A gives the output for 1899.
Early in 1900 I was able to enlist the services of the American Chamber of Commerce in Paris in the collection of statistics concerning the different provinces of France. The results are shown in Fig. XXV-B.
SEC. XXVb.—Tie East:
The eastern division embraces the great ore deposit in the province of Meurthe et Moselle and the neighboring districts of Haute Marne, Ardenne and Meuse. The map of the Minette district, given in connection with Lothringen, will indicate the position of mines and steel works. All basic Bessemer plants in the Minette district are in Meurthe et Moselle, but the other three provinces make the greater part of the open-hearth product, and their output is increas-
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